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初中语法 第一章 第二节. 六、不定代词(连载)
Vicky 2016-03-29 15:45:01 发表于  [  公开课  ]
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8)many 和much 的用法。

Many of us will leave for Shanghai•(作主语)我们中的许多人将去上海。 The poor boy doesn’t have many books.(作定语)这个可怜的男孩没有太 多书。

We don’t have much time to play.(作定语)我们没有太多时间玩。

She has much (work) to do•(作宾语)她有许多(工作)要做。

★ ★ ★注意

   many作主语时,动词用复数;much作主语时,动词用单数。如:

Many of us know English•我们中许多人都懂英语。

Much has been done.许多事已经做了。

much可用于形容词、副词比较级之前,而many不能。但如果more代 替或修饰可数名词复数时,前面只能用many,而不能用much。如:

This room is much bigger than that one•这个房间比那个大多了。

He has many more friends than I have.他的朋友比我多多了。


9)ittle a little,few a few 的用法


I’m new here,so I have few friends.我是新来这儿的,因此几乎没有

朋友。

Though it was late last night,there were still a few in the street.昨晚尽管很晚 了,街上仍有几个人。

I can speak only a little French.我只会说一点法语。

I can speak little French•我几乎不会说法语。

Lucy has made quite a few friends since she came to China.自从露西来 到中国,她已经交了许多朋友。

Few people like to swim in this river•没有什么人喜欢在这条河里游泳。 There’s little rain this summer. The flowers are going to die•今年夏天 没什么雨水,花儿快死了。

★ ★ ★注意

   a little可以用来修饰形容词、动词或形容词(副词)的比较级。如:

I’m a little hungry•我有点俄。

This boy is a little taller than that one.这个男孩比那个高一点儿。

You’d better get up a little earlier tomorrow•你明天最好稍稍早点起床。

   如句中出现fewlittle,变为反意疑问句时,后面的附加疑问句应用肯

定形式。如:

There are few people in the room,are there?房间里没什么人,是吗? There is little juice in the glass, is there?杯子里几乎没有果汁,是吗?

not a few=quite a few (或 many) not a little^much

There are not a few people in the room•房间里有很多人。

There is not a little time left.还剩下挺多时间。 not a little用作状语是非常的意思。如:

I’m not a little thirsty•我很渴。

   fewlittle都可用作形容词,它们的比较级和最高级分别是fewerfewest; lessleast。如:

I can do more work with less money than before.跟以前相比,我能用较 少的钱做更多的事。


Vicky 2021-09-21 16:03:05 重新编辑

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