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《苏菲的世界》中被删减的内容(中·英)
FMT-  AnnatarVictorNate 2016-03-01 15:17:13 发表于  [  实用英语  ]
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我在上个星期看完《阿甘正传》之前也看完了《苏菲的世界》。但是在关于卡尔·马克思的那一章节上察觉到了突兀之处,那便是上下文不符合。于是我得出了一个结论-被删减了???

于是我立即百度,事实证明我是正确的。

注:一下内容来自“果壳小组”

http://www.guokr.com/post/59442/ 

《苏菲的世界Sophie`s World》这本哲学科普在这里应该不少人看过,如果还没看过,赶紧去读读。好书一本。我想说的是作家出版社版本(萧宝森 译)的一处给我诡异感的情节。

《马克思 在欧洲游荡的幽灵》一章最后说到,苏菲和哲学家艾伯特讨论到马克思与马克思主义;下一章《达尔文 满载基因航行过生命的一艘小船》一开头,情节似乎——明显没接上,貌似漏了一两段……
——————————
《马克思》一章最后讨论到一个问题:阶级斗争、共产主义的概念与影响。
译文原文:
……
“马克思主义造成社会上很大的变动。毫无疑问的,社会主义已经大致上改善了社会上不人道的现象。无论如何,我们所生活的社会,已经比马克思时代更公平、更团结。这一部分要归功于马克思和整个社会运动。”

接下来直接转到下一章,《达尔文》,开头就说席德起床。
译文原文:
“星期天上午,席德被一声响亮的碰撞声惊醒,原来是讲义夹落地的声音。……
……
艾伯特刚说完下一章,便有人敲少校的小木屋的门……”

——————————
以我多年的语文理解力,明显,此处诡异的前言不接后语是因为有一小段文字被删了。
我想也是有可能的,于是上网搜原文。
结果真有了结果:

(紧接《马克思》上文中止部分)

"It all sounds wonderful, but what actually happened? Was there a revolution?"

"Yes and no. Today, economists can establish that Marx was mistaken on a number of vital issues, not least his analysis of the crises of capitalism. And he paid insufficient attention to the plundering of the natural environment--the serious consequences of which we are experiencing today. Nevertheless . . ."

"Nevertheless?"

"Marxism led to great upheavals. There is no doubt that socialism has largely succeeded in combating an inhumane society. In Europe, at any rate, we live in a society with more justice--and more solidarity--than Marx did. This is not least due to Marx himself and the entire socialist movement."

"What happened?"

"After Marx, the socialist movement split into two main streams, Social Democracy and Leninism. Social Democracy, which has stood for a gradual and peaceful path in the direction of socialism, was Western Europes way. We might call this the slow revolution. Leninism, which retained Marxs beief that revolution was the only way to combat the old class society, had great influence in Eastern Europe, Asia, and Africa. Each in their own way, both movements have fought against hardship and oppression."

"But didnt it create a new form of oppression? For example in Russia and Eastern Europe?"

"No doubt of that, and here again we see that everything man touches becomes a mixture of good and evil. On the other hand, it would be unreasonable to blame Marx for the negative factors in the so-called socialist countries fifty or a hundred years after his death. But maybe he had given too little thought to the people who would be the administrators of communist society. There will probably never be a promised land. Mankind will always create new problems to fight about."

"Im sure it will."

"And there we bring down the curtain on Marx, Sophie."

"Hey, wait a minute! Didnt you say something about justice only existing among equals?"

"No, it was Scrooge who said that."

"How do you know what he said?"

"Oh well--you and I have the same author. In actual fact we are more closely linked to each other than we would appear to the casual observer."

"Your wretched irony again!"

"Double, Sophie, that was double irony."

"But back to justice. You said that Marx thought capitalism was an unjust form of society. How would you define a just society?"

"A moral philosopher called John Rawls attempted to say something about it with the following example: Imagine you were a member of a distinguished council whose task it was to make all the laws for a future society."

"I wouldnt mind at all being on that council."

"They are obliged to consider absolutely every detail, because as soon as they reach an agreement--and everybody has signed the laws--they will all drop dead."

"Oh . . ."

"But they will immediately come to life again in the society they have legislated for. The point is that they have no idea which position they will have in society."

"Ah, I see."

"That society would be a just society. It would have arisen among equals."

"Men and women!"

"That goes without saying. None of them knew whether they would wake up as men or women. Since the odds are fifty-fifty, society would be just as attractive for women as for men."

"It sounds promising."

"So tell me, was the Europe of Karl Marx a society like that?"

"Absolutely not!"

"But do you by any chance know of such a society today?"

"Hm ... thats a good question." 

"Think about it. But for now there will be no more about Marx."

"Excuse me?"

"Next chapter!"

一个“下一章”反讽后,该章才是结束了!
我把自己觉得有意义的被删部分黑体了,那应该就是被删的原因。
总算接上了后文……心里好受多了。本书其实蛮精彩的。推荐给没看过的果壳们!

----------------------------------------------------------------------
然后,我找的了汉化译文,并稍加润色:

“听起来是很棒,但实际的情况如何呢?后来真的发生革命了吗?”


“可以说发生了,也可以说还未发生。今天,除了他关于资本主义危机的分析外,经济学家还可以确证马克思在一些重要问题上犯了错误。另外他没有重视人类对大自然资源的掠夺——我们今天正在面临其严重后果。然而……”


“然而什么?”


“马克思主义造成了社会上很大的变动。社会主义已经大致改善了社会上不人道的现象。至少在欧洲,我们已经生活在一个比马克思时代更加公平、更加团结的社会中。这很大程度上归功于马克思和整个社会运动。”


“这其中发生了什么?”


“马克思之后,社会运动分裂成两股潮流:社会民主主义和列宁主义。社会民主主义代表一条渐进并和平通向社会主义的道路,也正是西欧所选择的道路。我们或者把它称作慢性革命。而列宁主义继承马克思暴力革命是唯一途径的信念,在东欧、亚洲和非洲有广泛的影响力。两股潮流在各自的征途上都困难重重,抵抗镇压。


“但是这难道不是形成了一种新型的镇压?比如说在俄国和东欧?”


“毋庸置疑,在这里我们又一次看到人类所涉及的每一件东西都变成了善恶的两面体。不过没有道理因为那些在马克思死后五十或者一百年里的“所谓社会主义国家”中的消极成分而指责马克思本人。但是他也许没有对那些将成为共产主义社会领导的人们给予充分的考虑。很可能从来就没有一块真正的‘乐土’,人类总是为自己制造新的麻烦。”


“我相信会有的。”


“现在我们结束马克思的内容吧,苏菲。”


“嘿,等等!你刚才不是说什么公平只存在于平等地位之中吗?”


“不,那是‘吝啬鬼’(注:本章前面提到的一个文学人物“史吉吉”)说的。”


“你怎么知道他说了什么?”


“好吧,这样看——你和我有同一个作者。事实上我们总是紧密联系,而不只是相互不经意的旁观者。”


“又是你可恶的反讽!”


“双重,苏菲,那是双重反讽。”


“回到公平的话题。你说马克思认为资本主义是一种不公平的社会形式。那你如何定义一个公平的社会?”


“一个叫约翰·罗尔斯的哲学家试图举例说明:想象你是一个特别议会的一员,你们的任务是为新的社会制定法律。”


“我一点也不介意加入那个议会。”


“那个议会的人们必须完全考虑到每个细节,因为一旦他们达成一个共识,他们每个人都签署法律使之生效后,他们就会立刻全部挂掉。”


“噢……”


“但他们很快会在他们立法所设计的那个新社会中复活。而关键一点在于,他们将不知道自己在那个社会中处于一个怎样的位置。”


“哈,我明白了。”


“那是一个绝对公平的社会。它将会在平等中诞生。”


“男性和女性呢?”


“当然也没有差别。没有人知道他们以男性还是女性的身份复活。因为各自的机会都是百分之五十,所以社会对于女性和男性将同样美好。”


“听起来充满希望呢。”


“那么告诉我,卡尔·马克思生活的欧洲是那样的社会吗?”


“完全不是!”


“但是你现在万一知道了有这么一个社会呢?”


“嗯……那是个好问题。”


“想想吧。不过我们不会再谈论马克思了。”


“什么?”


“下一章!”


PS:删减的原因是无比明显的政治原因,迫使我抄书了(没错,我把缺少内容抄在了原书上,另附上了2页纸才抄完)。
个人专贴:http://bbs.51talk.com/Forum/detail/6477.html 



FMT -  AnnatarVictorNate 2021-06-16 12:30:33 重新编辑

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