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英语四级真题长难句讲解(21)
yoyo 2015-09-06 13:54:16 发表于  [  经验交流  ]
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如果你英语四级考试还没过或者打算备考四级英语不要着急,分析好英语四级真题真的可以帮到你,沉下心分析一下你遇到的长难句,让这个方法成为一种习惯,不要急,你想要的努力都会得到。

 

   1. Global warming is causing more than 300,000 deaths and about $125 billion in economic losses each year, according to a report by the Global Humanitarian Forum, an organization led by Annan, the former United Nations secretary general. (2011. 阅读. Text 2)


  译文:据由联合国前秘书长安南领导的全球人道主义论坛提出的一项报道称,如今全球变暖每年导致30万人死亡以及价值约一万两千五百亿美元的经济损失。

  分析:主句是Global warming is causing...deaths and...losses, 简单句。我们重点看一下后面的修饰部分,according to为复合介词,a report为介词宾语,an organization led by Annan作the Global Humanitarian Forum的同位语,句末的the former UN secretary又作Annan的同位语。

  2. Roger Pielke Jr., a political scientist at the University of Colorado, Boulder, who studies disaster trends, said the Forum’s report was "a methodological embarrassment" because there was no way to distinguish deaths or economic losses related to human-driven global warming amid the much larger losses resulting from the growth in populations and economic development in vulnerable regions. (2011. 阅读. Text 2)

  译文:在科罗拉多大学波尔德分校研究灾难规律的政治科学家Roger Pielke Jr.称人道主义论坛的这项报告是“一个方法论上的难题”,因为没有办法区分是与人为因素有关的全球变暖造成的死亡或经济损失还是弱势地区由于人口和经济增长导致的更大的损失。

  分析:复合句。主干是Roger said +that引导的宾语从句,主语Roger后,a political scientist作同位语,紧随其后的是who studies disaster trends定位从句修饰a political scientist。宾语从句中,主句the Forum’s report was "a methodological embarrassment",because引导原因状语从句there was no way to distinguish deaths or economic losses...amid larger losses...,两个losses后分别有分词作定语修饰。

  3. In a press release describing the report, Mr. Annan stressed the need for the negotiations to focus on increasing the flow of money from rich to poor regions to help reduce their vulnerability to climate hazards while still curbing the emissions of the heat-trapping gases. (2011. 阅读. Text 2)

  译文:在这项报告的新闻发布会上,安南强调双方协商的重要性,从而将工作重点放在增加从富裕地区到贫困地区的资金流动以帮助降低贫困地区面对气候灾害的脆弱性,同时继续控制温室气体的排放。

  分析:复合句。主句Mr.Annan stressed the need...to focus on...to help reduce..., 主谓宾基本结构后有两个递进的不定式短语作目的状语,to focus on increasing the flow...和to help reduce their vulnerability..., 最后是while引导的时间状语从句。


    4. This has been due, in part, to the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, which has invested $1.8 billion in American high schools, helping to open about 1,000 small schools-most of them with about 400 kids each, with an average enrollment of only 150 per grade. (2012. 阅读. Text 1)

  译文:某种意义上说,这要归功于比尔和梅琳达·盖茨基金会向美国高中投资18亿美元,以帮助创办1000所小型学校,其中大部分学校仅收400名学生,每个年级平均只招收150人。

  分析:复合句。主句This has been due, in part to the Bill...Foundation, in part作插入语,插在了短语due to中间。紧跟主句的是which引导的非限制性定语从句which has invested...schools。helping to open 1000 small schools为现在分词引导目的状语,且破折号后是对前句的进一步解释说明,most of them后带有两个with伴随状语。

  5. And most noticeable of all, there is the phenomenon of large urban and suburban high schools that have split up into smaller units of a few hundred, generally housed in the same grounds that once boasted thousands of students all marching to the same band. (2012. 阅读. Text 1)

  译文:最引人注意的是这种现象:较大的城市和郊区高中已经分成几百个更小型的学校。这些学校通常位于统一场地,一度有上千名学生同时去往同一个乐队。

  分析:复合句。主句there is the phenmenon of...schools,that have split into...hundred作high schools的定语从句,housed in the same grounds为过去分词作定语,最后the same grounds后也有that引导的定语从句修饰。

  6. We are all seeking the same thing, which is schools that better serve our children and our nation by encouraging students to tackle tough subjects under the guidance of gifted teachers. (2012. 阅读. Text 1)

  译文:我们都有着同样的追求,那就是学校通过鼓励学生在资质优秀的教师的指导下解决难题,更好地为我们的孩子和国家服务。

  分析:复合句。主句We are all seeking the same thing, 紧随其后的是which引导的非限制性定语从句which is schools that better serve our children and our nation by encouraging students to tackle tough subjects..., 具体来看,非限制性定语从句中,主句which is schools,that better serve...为定语从句修饰schools,by encouraging...为介词短语作方式状语。



yoyo 2021-05-12 19:30:46 重新编辑

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