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高考英语常见动词短语积累归纳总结【连载】
Sunny 2016-10-28 12:25:17 发表于  [  国内考试  ]
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  permitallow 的区别

  表“允许做某事”或“允许某人做某事”用法基本相同。

  permit/allow doing sth.

  permit/allow sb. to do sth.

  permit /allow of sth

  一般在独立主格结构中表示“时间、条件等许可”,多用permit

  Time/Weather permitting, Ill drop in on her.

  allow 还可以表示“承认”、“考虑到”。例如:

  1. We allow him to be wronged.

  2. will take an hour to go there, allowing for traffic delays.

 

  means常用短语

  by means of通过….., 靠……

  by this means/ in this way用这种方法

  by no means/in no case决不

  by all means用一切办法

 

  keep常用短语

  keep up with紧跟…..

  keep sb. doing sth.让某人一直做

  keep sb. from doing sth.阻止…..做……

  keep off the grass勿踏草地

  keep to the point紧扣主题

  keep in touch with与……保持联系

 

  mark常用短语

  make ones mark成功、出名

  be marked with标明

  gain/get full marks for ……得满分

 

  seat常用短语

  take ones seat坐下

  have a seat请坐

  see/find sb. seated看见/发现某人坐在….

  be seated就座, 坐着

  seat oneself in/at/on使自己坐在……

 

  部分 动词+ to + doing 的用法

  look forward to

  get down to

  object to

  devote to

  pay attention to

  preferto

 

  give常用短语

  give up放弃

  give in让步屈服

  give off 散发出

  give away赠送、泄漏

  give rise to 引起……

  give out 疲劳、用完、散发出

 

  fit常用短语

  be fit for适合

  keep fit/keep healthy保持健康

  be fit to do 适合于…..

  fit in with适应……

  a nice fit合身的衣服

  …fit sb.某人穿….. 合身

 

  reach 常用短语

  reach an agreement达成协议

  reach for…伸手去拿/够……

  within / out of reach够得到/够不着

  reach sbs understanding 使某人明白

 

  feed常用短语

  feed sth. to sb/feed sb. on sth. 用……喂养……

 

  be fed up of/ be tired of/ be bored with

  对……感到厌倦

  feed on以……为食

 

  mercy常用短语

  without mercy残忍地

  have mercy on /upon 对……表示怜悯

  at the mercy of任凭摆布

  beg for mercy 乞求饶恕

 

  exist常用短语

  exist in/lie in/consist in存在于……

  in existence 现存的

  come into existence/ come into being 形成

 

  opinion常用短语

  in ones opinion =in the opinion of sb.在某人看来

  have a high/ low opinion of

  对……评价高/

  give ones opinion on

  对……谈自己的看法

 

  persuade常用短语

  persuade sb. to do =

  persuade sb. into doing

  说服某人做某事

  try to persuade sb. to do

  试图说服某人做某事

  persuade sb. to sth.

  说服某人同意某事

 

  engage 常用短语

  be engaged to sb.

  与某人订婚

  be engaged in sth. =

  be engaged doing sth.

  忙于……, 从事某事

 

  wide broad 的区别

  它们均可以表“宽”和“广阔的”

  a river 50 feet wide/ broad

  指身体部位“宽肩、宽背”一般用broad, 表示

  “睁大眼睛、张大嘴巴”一般用wide

  broad shoulders/ back

  with wide eyes

  open ones mouth wide

  wide 还可以作副词,表示“完全、大大地”

  be wide awake

  be wide open

 

  sure常用短语

  be sure of/about

  对……由把握

  be sure to do sth.

  肯定会……

  make sure + that-clause

  务必……,一定要……

  make sure of

  弄清楚……

 

  experience 常用短语

  have experience in

  在……有经验

  be experienced in

  在……有经验

 

  pain 常用短语

  take great pains to do

  努力做某事

  spare no pains to do

  全力以赴做某事

 

  stick 常用短语

  stick to sth.

  坚持……

  stick on

  粘贴……

  be stuck in

  陷进……

  stick no bills

  请勿张贴

 

  spare 常用短语

  spare money/time for

  省出钱…,腾出时间

  in ones spare time

  在某人业余时间

  spare no efforts to do不要保留意见

  不遗余力去做

  dont spare the opinions

 

  put down的不同含义

  put down (ones knife and fork) 放下……

  pit down the rebellion

  镇压

  put down what sb. says

  记下,写下

 

  take up 的不同含义

  take up a hobby

  培养……

  take up football

  开始……

  take up the work

  继续……

  take uptime/space

  消耗,占据……

  take up a post

  就职

  take up a song/ cry

  跟着一起……

 

  habit 常用短语

  form/get the habit of

  养成……习惯

  be in/have the habit of

  有…….习惯

  get into the habit of

  沾染了……恶习

  get rid of the habit=

  grow out of the habit=

  break away from the habit

  改掉了……习惯





来源:大耳朵英语

Sunny 2021-06-17 16:33:28 重新编辑

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