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你一定不知道:冬至吃饺子是为了纪念谁?
Eleven 2014-12-22 17:50:55 发表于  [  实用英语  ]
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冬至吃饺子每年农历冬至这天,不论贫富,饺子是必不可少的节日饭。

谚云:“十月一,冬至到,家家户户吃水饺。”那么冬至为何吃饺子呢?

(注:十月一,是十月又一的意思,也就是十一月。)

这种习俗,是因纪念“医圣”张仲景冬至舍药留下的。

张仲景是南阳西鄂人,他着《伤寒杂病论》,集医家之大成,祛寒娇耳汤被历代医者奉为经典。

张仲景有名言:“进则救世,退则救民;不能为良相,亦当为良医。

”东汉时他曾任长沙太守,访病施药,大堂行医。

后毅然辞官回乡,为乡邻治病。其返乡之时,正是冬季。

他看到白河两岸乡亲面黄肌瘦,饥寒交迫,不少人的耳朵都冻烂了。

便让其弟子在南阳东关搭起医棚,支起大锅,在冬至那天舍“娇耳”医治冻疮。

他把羊肉和一些驱寒药材放在锅里熬煮,然后将羊肉、药物捞出来切碎,

用面包成耳朵样的“娇耳”,煮熟后,分给来求药的人每人两只“娇耳”,一大碗肉汤。

人们吃了“娇耳”,喝了“祛寒汤”,浑身暖和,两耳发热,冻伤的耳朵都治好了。

后人学着“娇耳”的样子,包成食物,也叫“饺子”或“扁食”。


原来冬至吃饺子,是不忘“医圣”张仲景“祛寒娇耳汤”之恩。

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冬至是我国农历中一个非常重要的节气,也是一个传统节日,至今不少地方仍有过冬至节的习俗。

在二十四节气中,冬至节是被最早制定出来的一个,时间约在每年12月22日至23日左右。

冬至是北半球全年中白天最短、黑夜最长的一天,过了冬至,白天就会一天天变长,

各地气候都进入一个最寒冷的阶段,也就是人们常说的“进九”,我国民间有“冷在三九,热在三伏”的说法。
  
  现在,一些地方还把冬至作为一个节日来过。北方地区有冬至宰羊,吃饺子、吃馄饨的习俗,

南方地区在这一天则有吃冬至米团、冬至长线面的习惯。各个地区在冬至这一天还有祭天祭祖的习俗。
  
 Winter solstice 
  
  Winter solstice is a very important solar term in Chinese Lunar calendar. 
  
  Being a traditional holiday as well, it is still now celebrated quite often in many regions. Early during the Spring and Autumn period, 2500 odd years from now, Winter solsticewas first determined as the Chinese traditional solar term among the total 24 terms. In Gregorian calendar, it is around Dec 22nd or 23rd.
  
  Midwinter day is the very day in North hemisphere with the shortest day and longest night year-round. After it, daytime will become increasingly longer and the coldest clime will invade all the places on the Northern part of the globe. We Chinese always call it "JinJiu", which means once Winter solstice comes, we will meet the coldest time ahead. 
  
  That conclusion is proved well founded. According to scientific results, on Winter solstice, a right angle is formed by the sun and the tropic of carpricorn. Thus, the North hemisphere receives the least sunlight and the shortest day and longest night occur.
  
  Ancient china did pay great attention to this holiday, regarding it as a big event. There was the saying that "Winter solstice holiday is greater than the spring festival". Nowadays, many regions still celebrate it as a big holiday. Northerners may have dumplings and raviolis that day while southerners may have dumplings made by rice and long noodles. Some places even have the tradition to offer sacrifices to the heaven and earth.


Eleven 2021-06-17 09:01:25 重新编辑

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Admin -  Belle 2014-12-22 17:54

原来冬至吃饺子,是不忘“医圣”张仲景“祛寒娇耳汤”之恩。一眼就看到了问题的答案!噢耶!偷笑Evelyn棒棒哒!

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Carrie 2014-12-23 16:26

亲是Eleven

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Admin -  Daisy 2014-12-22 18:00

新技能 get!

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maggie 2014-12-22 18:01

长知识了。

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