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高中英语知识点大全(5)
Sunny 2016-08-12 15:06:59 发表于  [  国内考试  ]
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1、would like 想要;愿意;希望

用来表示愿望,常用结构:

(1)would likesth.

Would you like some beer? 想喝点啤酒吗?

(2)would liketo do sth. 愿意、想要做某事。

第一人称作主语时也可用should,用常用缩写形式。

①He’d like to go there but he is too busy. 他想到那里去,但太忙了。

②I would/should like to study medicine and become a doctor.我想学医当医生。

注意:回答时常用省略形式。

—Would you like to drink some beer? 想喝点啤酒吗?    

—Yes ,I’d like to. 好吧,喝点。

(3)would likesb.to do sth. 想要、希望别人做某事。并不是主语做。

①I would like her to stay in the company. 我希望她留在公司里。

②I’d like you to lend some money to him. 我想要你借点钱给他。


2、would like/should like

(1)两个短语均指“想要…”,与want同义,但would(should)like的语气较want婉转或客气。

(2)would like 可用于各种人称;而should like则主要用于第一人称。例如:

He would(不用should)like to be a doctor. 他希望当大夫。

We would(不用should)like to hear your views about it. 我们想听听你对这个问题的看法。

(3)在疑问句中常用would like,而不用should like。例如:

What would you like for breakfast? 你早饭想吃什么?

(4)这两个短语常常简略为’d like,后面可接名词、代词或动词不定式,不接动名词。例如:

Would you like to leave a message? 你要不要留话?

误:Would you like leaving a message?

(5)在省略回答中,would like to 中的to 不可省略,只省略to后面的词语(但be 除外)。例如:

①—Would you like to join us tonigh?

—Oh, I’d like to (join you),but I have afriend to see off at the station.

②—Would you like to be a singer?

—Yes,I’d like to be (a singer).


3、would/used to

would say 总是会说……

would 有过去、常常……之意,但它与used to 的用法不相同的。

①表示过去持续的状态或感情总是used to 而不是would。因此,would不与表示状态的动词连用。

There used to be a hospital/here.(√) 这里过去有一所医院。

There would be…(×)

②used to 和would都可以表示过去规则的行为,但通常would是在过去不大规则的行为时,或主语的关心、感慨等主观因素较强时使用,而used to 则在客观地陈述相当期间的规则行为时使用。

“I’ll leave this job for a better one”,hewould say when he was scolded by his boss.

③“would”常与“often,sometimes,for hours”等表示时间的副词(短语)连用。

④与现在或将来比较而表示“以前经常……”的意思时,用used to。

He will not have the money to spend on booksas he used to.




来源:大耳朵英语


Sunny 2021-05-06 17:07:01 重新编辑

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