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08年春季高级口译真题听力部分文本答案(二)
Kevin 2016-10-20 16:55:46 发表于  [  国内考试  ]
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SECTION 4

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Im Diana Winston, a Cherokee medicine priest. Id like to say something about the Cherokee beliefs regarding the environment and conservation. Basically Cherokee tradition tells us we are part of the nature and we depend on nature for our life. So we dont compete with it and we are not trying to tame it. We are trying to live with it. Its different from our contemporary view that nature exists for the benefit of people. We believe that we are part of what we call great life. And as part of the great life, we are as important as everything else, but certainly no more important than anything else. And we feel that within the great life, there are what we call the laws of nature. We believe that there are many laws of nature. But there are three great laws of nature. And those are the laws that tell us how we have to live in harmony with everything else.

The first law of nature is that you dont take any life without a real reason. And a real reason would be for food, for medicine, for protection. Those would be the reasons for taking life. But basically life is sacred. So we shouldnt kill needlessly. That would absolutely include plants. We believe everything is alive. In fact, we believe stones are alive, trees are alive, plants are alive, animals are obviously alive. And so to us, taking the life of a plant is just as a grave responsibility as taking the life of an animal. And all of those things should be done in a sacred way and in a good way. So for instance, when you go to gather a plant, you dont want to go and say, "wow, heres a whole patch of plants." And go and gather them all. You gather a few and then you gather a few from another spot, leaving the majority of the plants so that they can grow and continue to provide not only for themselves but for us and for our children and for their children.

The second law is that everything we do should serve the great life. Well, what we mean is that we believe that there is one spirit that fills all things: humans, plants, rocks, whatever. And the some and all of that and more is what we call the great life. And so we all are a part of the same great life. And everything we do affects the great life. And everything that happens within the great life affects us. So its very very important that within the second law of nature that what we do will not harm other parts of the great life. Well, I could give a lot of examples and on a very personal simple level. An example could be for instance. Lots of people might go out and get an electric toothbrush. Uh, maybe it works a little bit better. It certainly easier: the toothbrush does all the work for you. But I have a manual toothbrush and Ive used one for my whole life. And it works just fine. To use the electricity necessary to power that electric toothbrush requires coal or nuclear power that harms the air. It harms the water. It harms the great life.

The third law basically is that we don t pollute where we live. And where we live is not just our home. Its not just our intimate small community. Its not just our country. Its this planet. This sacred altar we call the earth. We dont pool chemical waste down the stream because they all wind up in the water. So basically we dont pollute the earth.

 Well, it might seem a little difficult to live by those three laws today in this industrialized society. But the Cherokee didnt have a problem with plastic. We didnt have plastic. We didnt have a lot of the things that exist today. We still have a lot of options. There are small things that each of us can do. Things like recycling. Things like choosing what we buy and buying things carefully. There are other things we can do. Instead of using the car for every short trip to the store, save them up so we use the car as little as possible. We can do things like organic gardening. We can do things to create greater community within our communities. There are a lot of things that we can do to bring these laws into our lives. And alternately our lives really depend on these. The great life can live without us, but we cant live without the great life.  

句子听译原文和答案:
1、The report notes that obesity can lead to potentially fatal health problems including diabetes, stroke and cancer. But unfortunately, the obesity epidemic in America is getting worse. 
报道指出,肥胖导致的健康问题有可能是致命的,如糖尿病、中风以及癌症。然而不幸的是,在美国,肥胖症正愈演愈烈。

2、This company has a very good reputation for job security and looking after its staff with things like good perks, good canteen and paid holidays, that sort of thing. Do those things actually motivate people at their work?
该公司颇享声名,因为它不仅有很好的职业保障,并且对员工照顾有加,比如福利较高、食堂伙食较好,甚至还有带薪假期等等。但是这些东西真能激发员工工作热情吗?

3、Many employees can assume that they’re being watched while they work during the day. The majority of the U.S. companies keep watch on their workers with video cameras, tape recorders,  computer surveillance.
很多公司职员认为他们白天工作的时候是受监视的。大部分美国公司一直通过摄像头、录音机以及电脑监视器来监视他们的员工,

4、Within a decade of the introduction of the Divorce Act, the total divorce rate rose from 14% of all marriages in 1989 to 30% in 2006.
离婚法颁布十年以来,离婚率在1989还只有14%,到2006年已经上升到了30%。

5、The Chinese currency has appreciated by more than 8% since July, 2005, when the country allowed the Yuan to float against the U.S. dollar within a daily band of 0.3%.
自从2005年7月中国政府开始允许人民币对美金的日浮动率达到0.3%以来,人民币币值已经上涨了超过8%。

段落听译原文和答案:

1. A growing number of educators in the United States have begun to question just how beneficial computers are in the classroom. The debate raging in the US is being closely watched by European and Asian educators who welcome technology but also want to learn from American mistakes. Statistic shows 26% of American school children aged 5 to 9 years old use computers at school. Yet, little research has been conducted to examine at what impact computers have on children’s cognitive and emotional development. Our concern is that this is very powerful technology the effects of which we really don’t know.  
越来越多的美国教育学家开始质疑电脑在课堂教学中的益处究竟有多大。争论愈演愈烈,吸引了欧洲和亚洲的教育学家的密切关注。他们不排斥科技,但也想从美国人的错误中吸取教训。数据显示,5到9岁的美国孩子当中有26%的在学校使用电脑,但是人们很少开展研究调查电脑对于儿童认知和情感发展的影响。我们关心的是,电脑是非常强大的科技,但是我们不了解它所带来的影响。

2. This morning, I am going to talk briefly about consumer price changes in five major countries. Let’s look at the US figures. As you can see, the annual change in consumer prices rose from around 4% in 2002 to just under 6% in 2004.(此句录音缺失). Now, turning to France. We can see that consumer prices rose less quickly than those in Britain and the US. Inflation rose over to over3% in 2005. By 2006, the inflation rate in France had fallen below that in Germany and was now equal to that in Japan.
今天上午,我要简要谈谈五个主要国家的消费物价变化。让我们先看看美国的数字。大家都可以看到,美国的物价从2002年的4%上涨到2004年的不到6%。现在,让我们看看法国的情况。法国的物价上涨速度没有英国和美国快。通货膨胀在2005年上升到超过3%以上。到2006年,法国的通货膨胀速度降低,比德国要慢,基本和日本相当。


Kevin 2021-06-15 22:49:56 重新编辑

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