SAT写作和GRE写作的部分文章题目特别吻合。众所周知，GRE的范文多展现出极强的critical thinking ability.因此，为了增强SAT考生的分析问题的能力，下面对一些重点的GRE范文进行分析。
GRE Is loyalty always a positive force?
SAT Should people always be loyal? (2008年3月真题)
各位同学，SAT和GRE的部分文章题目特别吻合。众所周知，GRE的范文多展现出极强的critical thinking ability因此，为了增强SAT考生的分析问题的能力，特此对一些重点GRE范文进行分析。
Is loyalty all too often a destructive force, rather than a virtue, as the speaker contends?To answer this question it is crucial to draw a distinction between loyalty as an abstractconcept and its application. Apart from its consequences, loyalty is clearly a virtue that allhumans should strive to develop. Loyalty is part of a universal ethos that we commonly referto as the golden rule: Do unto others as you would have others do unto you. However, whetherloyalty in its application amounts to virtue depends on its extent and its object.
本段必背单词：all too often常常;destructive破坏性的;virtue美德;crucial必要的;draw adistinction between A and B区分A和B;strive to努力;develop培养;universal广泛的;ethos社会思潮;refer to as称为;golden rule重要原则;amount to意味着;object对象
First consider the ways in which loyalty, if exercised in proper measure and direction, canbe a positive force. Relationships between spouses and other exclusive pairs require somedegree of trust in order to endure; and loyalty is part-and-parcel of that trust. Similarly,employment relationships depend on some measure of mutual loyalty, without which jobattrition would run so rampant that society’s economic productivity would virtually come to ahalt. And, without some mutual loyalty between a sovereign state and its citizenry there can beno security or safety from either revolt or invasion. The world would quickly devolve intoanarchy or into a despotic state ordered by brute force.
本段必背单词：exercise实行;proper measure合适的尺度;spouse配偶;exclusive排他的;part-and-parcel重要的组成部分;attrition摩擦;rampant蔓延的;come to a halt停步不前;sovereign有主权的;revolt反叛;invasion入侵;devolve衰落;anarchy无政府主义;despotic暴君的;brute残暴的
On the other hand, misguided or overextended loyalty can amount to a divisive and evendestructive force. In school, undue loyalty to popular social cliques often leads to insultingand abusive language or behavior toward students outside these cliques. Undue loyalty to aspouse or other partner can lead to acquiescence in abusive treatment by that partner andabuse of oneself by continuing to be loyal despite the abuse.
Misguided loyalty can also occur between people and their institutions. Undue loyalty tocollege alma maters often leads to job discrimination---for example, when a job candidatewith the same alma mater as that of the person making the hiring decision is chosen over amore qualified candidate from a different school. Loyalty to one’s employer can also become adestructive force, if it leads to deceptive business practices and disregard for regulationsdesigned to protect public health and safety. By way of undue loyalty to their employers,employees sometimes harm themselves as well. Specifically, many employees fail to advancetheir own careers by moving on to another place of work, or type of work altogether, because ofa misplaced sense of loyalty to one company. Finally, and perhaps foremost in terms ofdestructive potential, is misguided loyalty to one’s country or political leaders. History showsall too well that fine line between patriotism and irrational jingoism can lead to suchatrocities as persecution, genocide, and war.
本段必背单词：institution机构;alma maters母校;candidate求职者;qualified合格的;deceptivebusiness practice欺诈性的商业行为;regulation：规则;all too well：太;fine line细微差别
To sum up, without loyalty there can be no basis for trust between two people, or betweenpeople and their institutions. A world devoid of loyalty would be a paranoid, if not anarchical,one. Nevertheless, loyalty must be tempered by other virtues, such as fairness, tolerance,and respect for other people and for oneself. Otherwise, I agree that it can serve to divide,damage, and even destroy.
本段必背单词：devoid of缺乏; 多疑的;anarchical混乱的;temper调和;divide产生分歧