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【连载】初中英语语法梳理 II | 介词进阶版 ( 下)
Stephen 2016-04-17 14:38:14 发表于  [  国内考试  ]
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   易混用介词的区别



1.         表示上、下等方位的介词。见下图:


Prepositions.png

2.         表示地点的inat的区别


a)        at
表示位置,in表示如:

— Where is he?                   — He is at the cinema. (问话者想知道的是位置)

— Is he in the cinema?        — Yes, he is.  (问话者可能已经在影院门外)


b)         at表示小地点,in表示大地点

They arrived at the village at seven.

They arrived in Beijing at seven.

但若某一个大地点并不是最后的终点,仍然用at。例如:

The train from Beijing to Guangzhou will arrive at Wuhan at twelve o’clock.

(武汉只是从北京开往广州这趟列车途中的一个站,并非目的地。)


3.         in, toon在方位名词前的区别


in表示在某范围之内;


to表示某范围之外的地方;


on表示毗邻、接壤


Taiwan lies in the east ofChina.

Taiwan lies to the east of the mainland ofChina.

Mongolia (蒙古) is (lies) on the north of China.


4.         表示时间的inafter

用于将来时态时,in后面接时段after后面接时点。试比较:

He will be back in five hours.

He will be back after five o’clock.


after后面也可接时段,但应该用在过去时态的句子中。【需特别注意】

They came back after five days.


5.         表示时间的at, inon


1)         at表示钟点时刻、黎明、正午、黄昏、夜晚、午夜、周末、节日期间

He often gets up at daybreak (dawn).

They will begin their journey at New Year.


2)         in表示()午、晚间、星期、月份、年份、世纪

He was born in 1988.


3)         on表示具体日期或具体的上(下)午,节日的当天,美国英语周末前也用on.

He died on the morning of August 15th, 1985.

但若morning, afternoon, evening等词前面有earlylate等修饰语则仍然用in。如:

He died in the early morning of August 15th, 1985.


6.         表时间的sincefor

since后接时点;for接时段,均常与完成时态连用。

He has been here since last Friday.

He has been here for five days.

当表示多少次时不能用for; 表示第几次位于句首时须加for,而位于句尾时for可以省略也可保留。

He has been to Beijing three times. (不可用for three times)

For the first time, I have come here.

I have come here (for) the first time.


7.         表示位置的betweenamong

Between and Among.jpg

between表示个与个之间,并非只能指两者,可用“…and…”也可接复数名词。如:

The teacher sat between Tom, Jack, Kate, Jane and Mary.

You’d better eat nothing between meals.


among则笼统地指之中,后接复数名词或代词。

The teacher sat among the students.


8.         except, besides, but, except for, but for, except that/ when


1)         except用作介词,意为除了。整个句子所表达的意思重点在except所构成的介词短语上。例如:

Nobody felt anxious except him. (只有他才焦虑不安)


2)         except besides

两者都有除去之意,但前者指但并不包括,是排除之意;后者指除此之外还有,有外加之意。例如:

There are six of us besides Tom. (除汤姆外,另外我们还有6个人。)


3)         except but

but用作介词时,意思是别无…”只有…”but多与no onenothingwhoalleveryone等连用,它可与except互换。例如:

No one but a fool would believe it.

Who but he would do such a thing


4)         except for except thatwhen

二者意为只是,表示理由或细节,修正前面所说的情况。except for后面接单词,except thatwhen后面接句子。整个句子所表达的意思重点在主句中,而except所构成的介词短语只是次要的。


例如:Your composition is good except for a few spelling mistakes.= Your composition is good except that there are a few spelling mistakes.)比较:All the compositions are good except Li Hua’s.(大家的作文都好,只有李华的除外。)


5)         except forbut for


except for用于陈述语气,but for用于虚拟语气要不是…”。例如:Except for its templesthe place is not worth seeing.

But for your help, I couldn’t have finished the work on time.


6)         except but十动词不定式(可带to或不带to,当butexcept之前没有动词“do”的某种形式时,其后的不定式要带to。)

例如:They did nothing exceptbut watch TV.

       I could not do anything exceptbur just wait for him to come round.


巩固训练

1.         Do you still remember the film we saw ________the end of last week?

A. in                                      B. by                                     C. at                                      D. to

2.         That he had a lot of practice ________volleyball was the reason why he defeated all the other players.

A. in                                      B. at                                      C. on                                     D. about

3.         ________the sound of the knocking on the door, he rose and went to open it.

A. At                                     B. On                                    C. To                                     D. Heard

4.         You can find the store ________No. 19   Beijing Road.

A. on                                     B. at                                      C. near to                            D. in

5.         Please wait for me ________the corner of that street ________three o’clock.

A. in; at                                B. at; on                               C. in; for                               D. at; at

6.         I bought these books ________one yuan a copy.

A. at                                      B. by                                     C. on                                     D. in

7.         I can’t buy it ________such a price.

A. of                                      B. for                                    C. at                                      D. with

8.         The student is sitting ________his desk.

A. over                                 B. around                            C. at                                      D. for

9.         when the spaceship leaves the earth ________very high speed, the astronauts feel as if they are being crushed ________the spaceship.

A. with; in                            B. at; on                               C. with; to                           D. at; against

10.     The child hid himself ________the door.

A. after                                B. behind                             C. in the front of                D. ago

11.     She left the party ________her headache.

A. because                          B. since                                C. in spite of                       D. because of

12.     You shouldn’t eat so much chocolate ________meals.

A. except                             B. between                         C. unless                              D. through

13.     some animals sleep ________day and wake up ________night.

A. by; by                               B. at; by                               C. by; on                              D. on; in

14.     —What time is it, please?

—It is seven ________my watch.

A. in                                      B. at                                      C. for                                    D. by

15.     You’ll be able to speak English ________practicing from time to time.

A. in                                      B. by                                     C. with                                 D. for

16.     ________the end of last year we had leaned five English songs.

A. At                                     B. By                                     C. In                                      D. On

17.     A man should not be judged always ________what he says.

A. by                                     B. in                                      C. with                                 D. to

18.     The guests will be here ________two o’clock.

A. in                                      B. on                                     C. for                                   D. by

19.     some people got up and left the hall ________the show.

A. while                                B. during                              C. between                         D. through

20.     How much must I pay you ________the tickets ________tonight.

A. of; of                                B. for; for                             C. for; about                       D. for; to

21.     I am grateful ________your help ________me.

A. to; for                              B. for; to                              C. to; to                               D. for; for

22.     Joan is always praised ________her cleverness.

A. of                                      B. in                                      C. for                                    D. by

23.     It’s quite warm today ________January.

A. for                                    B. in                                      C. at                                      D. on

24.     I bought this book ________fifty cents.

A. at                                      B. about                               C. at                                      D. for

25.     Chinese is a language ________more native speakers than any of the other languages.

A. with                                 B. spoken                            C. which                               D. has

26.     Please write ________pencil, not ________ink.

A. in; with                            B. in a; with                        C. with a ; in                       D. with; in

27.     ________the development of science and technology, our country has become richer and stronger.

A. In                                      B. By                                     C. At                                     D. With

28.     ________the rise in prices, life is getting harder.

A. With                                 B. On                                    C. As                                     D. For

29.     He has no good pen ________.

A. to write                           B. to write with                 C. to write on                     D. writing

30.     Mary was disappointed when she found but they had gone to the ball ________her.

A. except                             B. except for                       C. for                                    D. without

31.     Xiao Li masters several other foreign languages ________English. He studies German, Japanese and Russian.

A. beside                             B. besides                           C. but                                   D. except

32.     The soldier stood quite still, ________his lips moved slightly.

A. except that                    B. except for                       C. except                             D. besides

33.     Your composition is good ________a few spelling mistakes.

A. besides                           B. except                             C. except for                       D. except that

34.     Peter’s car is excellent ________the color.

A. except                             B. besides                           C. except for                       D. only except

35.     Everybody went to the exhibition ________Mary.

A. not                                   B. but                                   C. for                                    D. by

36.     We live a long way ________the factory.

A. to                                      B. for                                    C. from                               D. in

37.     The town lies ________the west of the river.

A. at                                      B. in                                      C. from                                 D. to

38.     Let’s walk over ________the sun on the other side of the street.

A. in                                      B. to                                      C. under                               D. by

39.     There are a lot of news ________today’s newspaper.

A. in                                      B. on                                     C. at                                      D. with

40.     Say something about your school ________English.

A. in                                      B. with                                 C. by                                     D. for

41.     The girl ________will give us a report.

A. on blue                            B. of blue                             C. in blue                             D. at blue

42.     Please ask him if he will join us ________playing table tennis.

A. on                                     B. at                                      C. in                                      D. with

43.     This vegetable is very rich ________iron.

A. of                                      B. in                                      C. with                                 D. for

44.     He has been caught ________the rain and is wet through and through.

A. by                                     B. in                                      C. at                                      D. up with

45.     Look, there is a hole ________the wall.

A. on                                     B. at                                      C. in                                      D. of

46.     What is the difference________ pronunciation ________these two words?

A. of; in                                B. in; between                   C. in; among                       D. of; between

47.     The doctor will be back ________ten minutes.

A. after                                B. in                                      C. on                                     D. at

48.     The desk stands ________the corner of the room near the window.

A. on                                     B. at                                      C. under                               D. in

49.     Do you like dressing yourself ________new clothes?

A. on                                     B. in                                      C. with                                 D. by

50.     Please come to see me ________two day’s time.

A. during                              B. after                                C. for                                    D. in

KEY: 1—10. CBABD  ACCDB  11—20. DBADB  BADBB  21—30. BCADA  CDABD  31—40. BACCB  CDBAA  41—50. CCBBC  BBDBD


请结合以下两篇贴学习~~


初中英语语法梳理 | 介词(上)

http://bbs.51talk.com/Forum/detail/10588.html


2016中考英语总复习VI|重点介词


http://bbs.51talk.com/Forum/detail/10217.html




本文选自“初中英语语法梳理”由Stephanie释义,如有问题请随时联系我们哦~~

Stephen 2021-05-06 15:10:37 重新编辑

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