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ACT语法部分攻略(2)
Jessy 2016-04-12 14:27:05 发表于  [  出国考试  ]
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12614017516010.jpg4.句子结构

4a动词单复数

The boy takes the test.  The girls take the test.

找准主语和动词,把对应的主语和动词划出来对应看单复数:Claudia and Kevin, who want to join the speech and debate club together, first decide to start dating after Claudia’s sister’s boyfriend brings Kevin over to play Guitar Hero.

George, encouraged by his friends, are finally going to get that tattoo:

A.      no change

B.      friends, is

C.      friends are

D.      friends: are

l  Each/every/anyone/anybody/someone/no one/either/neither这些都是单数要用单数的动词例如does或者is. 代词也搭配单数例如his/its:  Everyone took his water guns(不是their water guns)… If anybody wants to go, she should give her number to Abby (不是they should give their number)

l  Group/team/committee/class/family这些含义是复数但是词语本身是单数的也要当作单数处理搭配动词单数

l  None of/fraction of/percent of/part of 这些都要看后面的词是单数还是复数,相应搭配单数或者复数的动词 70 percent of the student body works during summer.

l  Where Jeremy and Justin went to the rodio in Kansas, they met the rodeo clowns and they showed them how to rope.
a. No change; b. they; c. , they; d. Jeremy
这里前面已经有一个they不能有两个they说不一样的人,所以后面必须是Jeremy

 

4b 动词时态

l  前后时态一致:He tried, ran the race, and won.  I tried, but didn’t expect…  As soon as the class bell rang, students rushed the door

l  前后的用法一致。以下1是对的2是错的:

1.       Miss Sharp sang, danced, and cooed as she entered the room for our first-period class

2.       Miss Sharp sang, danced, and was cooing as she entered the room for our first-period class

1.       Gerome likes to hike, to bike, and to run.

2.       Gerome likes to hike, to bike, and running

1.       Her students were asked to write their essays accurately, thoughtfully, and thoroughly

2.       Her students were asked to write their essays accurately, thoughtfully, and in a detailed manner

 

4c Reflexive pronouns - myself/herself/themselves/ourselves

不要把这些词当主语用:Tammy and I spent… (不是Tammy and myself

 

4d 修饰短语的位置。

以下1是对的2是错的:

1.       The tennis player in a short skirt asked the swinner to help change her tire.

2.       The tennis player asked the swimmer to help change her tire in a short skirt.

1.       With grins on their faces, the group of freshmen boys admired the cluster of senior girls.

2.       The group of freshmen boys admired the cluster of senior girls with grins on their faces.

 

5 Choice of Words用词

 

经常用错的词,请说出差别分别造句:
accept
except;
effect
affect;
fewer
less; 可数与不可数
then
than;
farther
further; 前者是物理距离后者是程度

Whowhom; 前者主语后者宾语 …the girl who is your favorite/…the girl whom you admire

I me也是主语和宾语的区别。如果是asthan后面不要用宾语用主语来比较:

l  Tim is happier than he is 不要用than him

l  My brother is as unhappy as I (am). 不要用than me

 

thatwhich; that是特指前面修饰的名词其后面内容是句子的关键,而which前面可以加逗号其内容可有可无并不关键也不特指只是补充信息。如果是人的话两个都不能用,要用who

l  The waterfall that empties into the lake starts above the tree line.

l  The waterfall, which empties into the lake, starts above the tree line

 

Betweenamong

Brake/break

Clothes/close

Die/dye

Feat/feet

Idle/idol – American idol

Stationary/stationery

Confident/confidant

Peace/piece

Hanged/hung

Principle/principal

Imply/infer

Plain/plane

Beside/besides

Lie/lay

 

Supposed to/used to要加d

Toward 不是towards

(转自百度文库天道教育)

Jessy 2021-06-19 14:37:50 重新编辑

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