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speak, talk, say, tell的用法区别
Lisa 2016-04-05 14:48:30 发表于  [  实用英语  ]
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1. speak 强调单方的,一般用作不及物动词,要表示对某人说(某事)”,可用 speak to [with] sb (about sth)。如:

Please speak more slowly. 请说慢一点。

I spoke to [with] the chairman about my idea. 我跟主席说了我的想法。

2. talk 强调双方交谈,一般用作不及物动词,表示同某人谈论(某事)”,可用 talk to [with] sb (about sth)。如:

He was talking to [with] a friend. 他在同一位朋友谈话。

What are they talking about? 他们在谈论什么?

注:有时可用作及物动词,表示谈论讨论等,但此时通常只与个别名词连用。如:

talk business 谈正事      talk nonsense [rubbish] 胡说八道

3. say 强调说话内容,一般用作及物动词。表示对某人说,可用 say to sb。如:

Did you say anything (to him)? (对他)说了些什么?

He said (that) he wanted to go. 他说他想去。 

注:以下句型值得注意:

据说他病了。

正:It is said that he is ill.

正:He is said to be ill. (from www.yywords.com)

4. tell 表示告诉,可接双宾语,双宾语易位时用介词 to 引出间接宾语。如:

I told him my name. 我把名字告诉了他。

He told his parents the good news. / He told the good news to his parents. 他把这个好消息告诉了他父母。

注:还可接不定式的复合结构作宾语。如:

Tell her to come at once. 叫她马上来。

He told the children not to play in the street. 他叫孩子们不要在街上玩。

另外,有时与介词 from 连用表示区分辨别等。如:

I cannot tell which is which. 我分不清哪个是哪个。

Can you tell true friends from false friends? 你能分清真  假朋友吗?

5. 注意习惯表达:(from www.yywords.com)

(1) 表示演说演讲发言等,一般用 speak 。如:

Who is going to speak at the meeting? 谁将在会上发言?

(2) 表示讲故事说谎等,一般用 tell。如:

He often tells us interesting stories. 他经常给我们讲有趣的故事。

(3) 表示说某种语言,一般用 speak (及物)。如:

Do you speak French? 你会说法语吗?

注:偶尔用动词 talk 表示某种语言,但很少见。

(4) 在某些搭配中,有时可有多种表达。如:

say [speak] a word 说句话   say [tell, speak] the truth 讲真话


引用地址:http://www.yywords.com/Article/200805/301.html


Lisa 2021-12-07 11:12:36 重新编辑

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