The first four minutes
When do people decide whether or not they want to become friends? During their first four minutes together, according to a book by Dr. Leonard Zunin. In his book, "Contact: The first four minutes," he offers this advice to anyone interested in starting new friendships: __46__. A lot of peoples whole lives would change if they did just that.
You may have noticed that average person does not give his undivided attention to someone he as just met.__47__. If anyone has ever done this to you, you probably did not like him very much.
When we are introduced to new people, the author suggests, we should try to appear friendly and self-confident. In general, he says, "People like people who like themselves."On the other hand, we should not make the other person think we are too sure of ourselves. It is important to appear interested and sympathetic, realizing that the other person has his won needs, fears, and hopes.
Hearing such advice, one might say, "But Im not a friendly, self-confident person. Thats not my nature. It would be dishonest for me to at that way."__48__. We can become accustomed to any changes we choose to make in our personality. "It is like getting used to a new car. It may be unfamiliar at first, but it goes much better than the old one."But isnt it dishonest to give the appearance of friendly self-confidence when we dont actually feel that way? Perhaps, but according to Dr. Zunin, "total honest" is not always good for social relationships, especially during the first few minutes of contact. There is a time for everything, and a certain amount of play-acting may be best for the first few minutes of contact with a stranger. That is not the time to complain about ones health or to mention faults one finds in other people. It is not the time to tell the whole truth about ones opinions and impressions.
__49__. For a husband and wife or a parent and child, problems often arise during their first four minutes together after they have been apart. Dr. Zunin suggests that these first few minutes together be treated with care. If there are unpleasant matters to be discussed, they should be dealt with later.
The author says that interpersonal relations should be taught as a required course in every school, along with reading, writing, and mathematics. __50__ that is at least as important as how much we know.
A. In reply, Dr. Zunin would claim that a little practice can help us feel comfortable about changing our social habits.
B. Much of what has been said about strangers also applies to relationships with family members and friends.
C. In his opinion, success in life depends mainly on how we get along with other people.
D. Every time you meet someone in a social situation, give him your undivided attention for four minutes.
E. He keeps looking over the other persons shoulder, as if hoping to find someone more interesting in another part of the room.
F. He is eager to make friends with everyone.
Highways in the United States
The United States is well-known for its network of major highways designed to help a driver get from one place to another in the shortest possible time. __51__ these wide modern roads are generally __52__ and well maintained, with few sharp curves and __53__ straight sections, a direct route is not always the most __54__ one. Large highways often pass __55__ scenic areas and interesting small towns. Furthermore, these highways generally __56__ large urban centers which means that they become crowded with __57__ traffic during rush hours, __58__ the "fast, direct" way becomes a very slow route. However, there is almost always another route to __59__ if you are not in a hurry. Not for from the relatively new "superhighways", there are often older, __60__ heavily traveled roads which go through the countryside. __61__ are good lane roads; others are uneven roads curving __62__ the country. These secondary routes may go up steep slopes, along hilly cliffs or down frightening hillsides to towns __63__ in deep valleys. Though these are less __64__ routes, longer and slower, they generally go to places __65__ the air is clean and the scenery is beautiful, and the driver may have a chance to get a fresh, clean view of the world.
51. A) Although B) But C) Since D) Because.
52. A) uneven B) bumpy C) rough D) smooth.
53. A) little B) much C) many D) few
54. A) terrible B) horrible C) tolerable D) enjoyable.
55. A) to B) into C) at D) by
56. A) merge B) connect C) combine D) mix
57. A) busy B) small C) large D) heavy
58. A) when B) where C) which D) that
59. A) walk B) go C) take D) fix
60. A) more B) less C) very D) extremely
61. A) All of these B) None of these C) All roads D) Some of these.
62. A) out of B) out C) through D) from
63. A) lying B) lie C) lies D) lay
64. A) direct B) indirect C) enjoyable D) beautiful.
65. A) these B) which C) that D) where
46-50 D E A B C 51-65 ADCDD BDACB DCAAD