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新ACT写作50个常用词汇汇总
Ivy 2016-03-24 12:12:56 发表于  [  实用英语  ]
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写作干货来了~这里小编为大家带来了备考ACT写作时,时刻需要记牢写作时常用到的动词、形容词。

  常用动词

  促进, 提

  enhance, boost, maximize, promote

  e.g. The government adopted a range of measures to boost tourism.

  阻碍

  obstruct, impede, hinder, get in the way of

  e.g. The loss of all documentation hindered further investigation.

  为…打下基础

  set the stage for, lay foundation for, pave way for

  e.g. The industrial revolution laid foundation for economic boom in western countries.

  把 A 归因于 B

  attribute A to B, ascribe A to B, (B is attributed to A)

  e.g. Women tend to attribute their success to external causes such as luck.

  开启了

  mark the beginning of

  e.g. The advent of iPhone marks the beginning of a wholly new cellphone industry.

  掌握

  have a (good, great) command of

  e.g. He has a brilliant command of French.

  传播

  transmit, disseminate, spread

  e.g. Health authorities should foster good practice by disseminating information.

  容易受到…的影响

  be susceptible to (观点, 行为, 环境)

  e.g. Teenagers are susceptible to their peers’ opinions.

  不会受到…的影响

  be immune to

  重视

  give priority to, think highly of, take... seriously

  e.g. The government gave top priority to reforming the legal system.

  忽视

  turn a blind eye to, be deaf to, be blind to, be unaware of

  e.g. A report reveals that teachers are turning a blind eye to pupils smoking at school.

  全心全意做某事

  set one’s heart on doing sth., be bent on doing sth., intent on, committed to

  受…困扰

  be plagued, tormented, afflicted by

  e.g. African Americans have long been plagued by discrimination and unfair treatments.

  A在…方面优于B

  A is superior to B, A exceeds, surpasses, outshines B in ...

  e.g. Intelligent machines far exceeds manual work in efficiency.

  B比不上A

  B is overshadowed by A, B pales in comparison with A, B can’t hold a candle to A

  e.g. China’s industries pale in comparison with their American counterparts in pioneering work.

  导致

  lead to, result in, bring about, give rise to, contribute to(褒义)

  教育、教导

  instruct, guide, enlighten

  向…灌输(思想, 原则)

  inculcate in, instill in

  e.g. We should inculcate, instill in young people a respect for the law.

  夺去性命

  claim, cause,result in the loss of

  e.g. The second world war claimed millions of people’s lives.

  使…震惊

  appall, horrify

  警告

  warn sb. of sth, warn that, alert sb, to sth

  妥协

  compromise, make concessions

  坚持

  insist on, be intent on

  繁荣发展

  flourish, thrive, prosper

  激励

  motivate, inspire, stimulate

  体现

  embody, symbolize, represent, manifest

  给予…权利

  enable, empower,entitle sb. to do sth.

  e.g. The new law entitled women to vote.

  常用形容词

  著名的, 杰出的

  prominent, renowned, eminent, distinguished, prestigious (college)

  创新的

  innovative, original, pioneering (人), groundbreaking(物), retain pioneering spirit (有创新精神的)

  尖端的, 先进的 (技术)

  advanced, state-of-the-art, cutting-edge

  史无前例的

  unprecedented, without precedent (作后置定语)

  e.g. The Great Wall is a wonderful achievement without precedent in Chinese history.

  一丝不苟的

  rigorous (search,examination, analysis)

  a meticulous, scrupulous researcher

  全面的

  thorough, exhaustive

  随处可见的

  ubiquitous, omnipresent

  流行的, 普遍存在的

  prevalent, prevailing, is the norm

  猖獗的 (贬义)

  rampant

  刻板的, 不可变更的 (制度, 政策)

  rigid

  显著的

  noticeable, marked, striking

  厚颜无耻的, 公然的

  blatant, unashamed, flagrant

  根深蒂固的

  deep-rooted, ingrained, entrenched

  顽强的

  tenacious

  配得上的

  be worthy of

  春风得意, 处于巅峰时期

  on the crest of a wave

  极大地

  tremendously, dramatically, substantially, markedly, profoundly

  (常修饰动词)

  e.g. The advent of steam engine dramatically contributed to higher efficiency.

  对…热情的

  be passionate about, be keen on

  严重的 (后果, 影响)

  grievous, grave

  进步

  progress, advance(动词名词都可以, 常说advance of sth.)

  在最成功, 鼎盛的时期

  in one’s heyday

  e.g. Steam railways were in their heyday in the 19th century.

  残暴的

  brutal, inhuman

  惨淡的 (经济)

  gloomy, bleak, depressing, grim

  坚定的

  be steadfast in sth., be adamant about,

  固执的 (贬义)

stubborn, obstinate, headstrong, obdurate(以上来源啄木鸟教育)



Ivy 2022-08-10 11:19:50 重新编辑

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