enhance, boost, maximize, promote
e.g. The government adopted a range of measures to boost tourism.
obstruct, impede, hinder, get in the way of
e.g. The loss of all documentation hindered further investigation.
set the stage for, lay foundation for, pave way for
e.g. The industrial revolution laid foundation for economic boom in western countries.
把 A 归因于 B
attribute A to B, ascribe A to B, (B is attributed to A)
e.g. Women tend to attribute their success to external causes such as luck.
mark the beginning of
e.g. The advent of iPhone marks the beginning of a wholly new cellphone industry.
have a (good, great) command of
e.g. He has a brilliant command of French.
transmit, disseminate, spread
e.g. Health authorities should foster good practice by disseminating information.
be susceptible to (观点, 行为, 环境)
e.g. Teenagers are susceptible to their peers’ opinions.
be immune to
give priority to, think highly of, take... seriously
e.g. The government gave top priority to reforming the legal system.
turn a blind eye to, be deaf to, be blind to, be unaware of
e.g. A report reveals that teachers are turning a blind eye to pupils smoking at school.
set one’s heart on doing sth., be bent on doing sth., intent on, committed to
be plagued, tormented, afflicted by
e.g. African Americans have long been plagued by discrimination and unfair treatments.
A is superior to B, A exceeds, surpasses, outshines B in ...
e.g. Intelligent machines far exceeds manual work in efficiency.
B is overshadowed by A, B pales in comparison with A, B can’t hold a candle to A
e.g. China’s industries pale in comparison with their American counterparts in pioneering work.
lead to, result in, bring about, give rise to, contribute to(褒义)
instruct, guide, enlighten
inculcate in, instill in
e.g. We should inculcate, instill in young people a respect for the law.
claim, cause,result in the loss of
e.g. The second world war claimed millions of people’s lives.
warn sb. of sth, warn that, alert sb, to sth
compromise, make concessions
insist on, be intent on
flourish, thrive, prosper
motivate, inspire, stimulate
embody, symbolize, represent, manifest
enable, empower,entitle sb. to do sth.
e.g. The new law entitled women to vote.
prominent, renowned, eminent, distinguished, prestigious (college)
innovative, original, pioneering (人), groundbreaking(物), retain pioneering spirit (有创新精神的)
尖端的, 先进的 (技术)
advanced, state-of-the-art, cutting-edge
unprecedented, without precedent (作后置定语)
e.g. The Great Wall is a wonderful achievement without precedent in Chinese history.
rigorous (search,examination, analysis)
a meticulous, scrupulous researcher
prevalent, prevailing, is the norm
刻板的, 不可变更的 (制度, 政策)
noticeable, marked, striking
blatant, unashamed, flagrant
deep-rooted, ingrained, entrenched
be worthy of
on the crest of a wave
tremendously, dramatically, substantially, markedly, profoundly
e.g. The advent of steam engine dramatically contributed to higher efficiency.
be passionate about, be keen on
严重的 (后果, 影响)
progress, advance(动词名词都可以, 常说advance of sth.)
in one’s heyday
e.g. Steam railways were in their heyday in the 19th century.
gloomy, bleak, depressing, grim
be steadfast in sth., be adamant about,
stubborn, obstinate, headstrong, obdurate（以上来源啄木鸟教育）