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【连载】初中英语语法梳理 | “so that” ,”so…that” 和 “such…that”
Stephen 2016-03-22 20:38:00 发表于  [  实用英语  ]
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在学习so that 和so…that从句时,有相当一部分同学认为:so that 是用来构成目的状语从句的,而so…that则是用来构成结果状语从句的。其实,情况并不是这样。


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一、 so that同样可以用来引导结果状语从句,无论是否有副词作状语或形容词作表语,这就要得从意义上和so that从句的结构上来考虑,表目的的so that状语从句中通常情况下都含有一个情态动词。试比较: 


He hurried to the station so that he could catch the early bus. (表目的)

            = He got to the station hurriedly so that he could catch the early bus.

            他匆匆忙忙赶到车站,为的是能搭上早班车。


He hurried to the station so that he caught the early bus.  (表结果)

           = He got to the station hurriedly so that he caught the early bus.

           = He got to the station so hurriedly that he caught the early bus.

              他匆匆忙忙赶到车站,结果搭上了早班车。


※ 但若副词或形容词是放在so …that之间,就算that从句中含有情态动词也只能表示结果。

The boy was so stupid that he could not work out the maths problem.

 这个男孩很笨,所以他解不出这道数学题。

注: ① 表目的的so that 从句可以用in order that 替换;若主句和从句的主语一致的时候还可以用so as to或in order to将其转换为简单句。如:

I got up early so that I could be in time for the morning exercises.

→ I got up early in order that I could be in time for the morning exercises.

→ I got up early so as to / in order to be in time for the morning exercises.

② 有时为了加强语气,in order that 从句或in order to短语还可以放到句首,但so that 和so as to却不行。如:

In order that I could be in time for the morning exercises, I got up early.

        In order to be in time for the morning exercises, I got up early.

③ 当so…that(或so that)结构的主句中有副词作状语形容词作表语时,必须用so + adv. / adj. + as to才可以将其转换为简单句来表示结果,否则是表示目的。试比较:

I spoke so loud as to be heard by everyone. (表结果)

我讲得声音很大,结果大家都听清楚了。  

I spoke loud so as to be heard by everyone.  (表目的)

我很大声地讲,是为了大家能都听清楚

④ 在so + adv. / adj. + that所构成的结果状语从句中,人们常常把so + adv. / adj. 移到句首并将谓语动词倒装来表示强调。例如:

So hard did the boy study that he passed the exam.

So clever is the boy that he can answer the question.

⑤ 人们在口语中常省去so…that的that,也有人省去so而保留that。如:

She was so excited (that) she could hardly fall asleep.

She was (so) excited that she could hardly fall asleep.

在书写中省去that时,最好加上逗号,把句子的两个部分隔开。例如:

She was so excited, she could hardly fall asleep.


二、 so…that和such…that都可以构成结果从句,所不同的是so…that之间接形容词副词,而  such…that之间接名词。一般情况下,即使名词前有形容词修饰也不能换用so…that。例如:

The boy is so clever that everyone likes him.

The boy is such a fool that he can’t understand it.

Titanic is such a moving film that all of us want to see it.

The teacher gave the children such wonderful picture books that they got wild with joy.

注: ① 当such…that之间用“不定冠词 + 形容词 + 单数名词”时,可以用so…that替换,但得将不定冠词形容词颠倒位置。例如:

That was such an important party that I had to take part in it.

→ That was so【 important a party that I had to take part in it.

② 当such…that之间的可数名词前用many或few修饰,不可数名词前用much或little修饰时,只能用so…that构成结果从句。例如:

I’ve got so few apples that I cannot divide them among the children.

I have so much homework to do that I can’t go to the cinema with you.

③当little表示“小”而不是“少”的意思时,仍然用such…that. 试比较:

They are such little children that they cannot do the work well.

这些孩子太,他们做不好这项工作。

I have so little money that I can’t buy the computer.

我的钱太买不起这部电脑。


三、 such…that万不可与such…as混用。such…that中的that是连词,用来引导状语从句,在从句中不充当任何成分;而such…as中的as是关系代词,用来引导定语从句并在从句中担当主语、宾语或表语

试比较:

Zhangjiajie is such a marvelous place that everyone wants to visit it. (that引导状语从句)

张家界是如此神奇的地方,人人都想去游玩。

Zhangjiajie is such a marvelous place as everyone wants to visit. (as引导定语从句并作宾语)

张家界是如此一个人人都想去游玩的神奇的地方。


本文摘选自初中英语语法梳理~由Stephanie释义~如有任何问题请联系我们删除~






Stephen 2021-11-24 15:24:19 重新编辑

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