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【双语八卦】扎克伯格 裸捐450亿美元引争议
yoyo 2015-12-07 19:01:22 发表于  [  游戏/活动  ]
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Mark Zuckerberg defends his $45B charitable impulse

扎克伯格 裸捐450亿美元引争议

导读:世界最大的社交网络公司—脸书的首席执行官扎克伯格承诺向有价值的事业和公司捐赠数十亿美元的资金。然而,在他做出捐款决定不久之后,他感到不得不为他如何建立新的慈善事业做出解释。

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Grand gestures don’t always go over the way you hope they will.

慈善这样的高姿态往往不能如人所愿。

The CEO of the world’s largest social network has promised to donate potentially billions of dollars to worthy causes and companies. It didn’t take long however before he felt compelled to defend his decision on how to set up his new philanthropic endeavor.

世界最大的社交网络公司—脸书的首席执行官扎克伯格承诺向有价值的事业和公司捐赠数十亿美元的资金。然而,在他做出捐款决定不久之后,他感到不得不为他如何建立新的慈善事业做出解释。

On Tuesday Facebook’s Mark Zuckerberg and his wife Priscilla Chan said they plan to establish the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative which will receive 99 percent of the CEO’s Facebook shares currently worth about $45 billion. In a rather unconventional move the organization that will distribute the blocks of stock as donations will be established as a limited liability company (LLC) instead of a traditional nonprofit foundation.

周二,脸书总裁扎克伯格和他的妻子普利希拉.陈计划建立陈扎克伯格倡议,捐助脸书总裁99%的股份,市值450亿美元。这是一个非常规的举动,该组织将分配的股票作为捐款将作为有限责任公司,而不是传统的非营利基金会。

That decision has some people questioning his motives as noted in the headline of a commentary in The New York Times: "How Mark Zuckerberg’s Altruism Helps Himself."

这个举动受到了一些人的质疑,就像纽约时报的头条写道,“扎克伯格的利他行为是在帮他自己”

Zuckerberg is one of a number of tech moguls who have pledged hefty portions of their wealth for charitable purposes. Billionaires such as Google co-founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin and Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates typically have set up their charitable endeavors as traditional nonprofits. Some have started using LLCs instead but such a move can raise red flags.

扎克伯格是众多科技大亨中将资产的大部分捐助做慈善的人员之一。亿万富翁如谷歌创始人Larry Page 和Larry Page,还有微软创始人比尔盖茨都将慈善捐款用于传统的非盈利组织。而一些人将慈善捐款用于有限责任公司,但是这样的举措很可能***示。

Unlike a nonprofit organization an LLC more closely resembles a corporation in that it can generate profits and offer certain tax benefits. It also would impose fewer restrictions and obligations on how Zuckerberg and Chan could distribute money than if they were to set up a regular nonprofit foundation. They could donate to political organizations and for-profit entities as well as charities. Some critics also claim an LLC would allow the couple to avoid paying taxes.

与非营利组织不同的是,一个有限责任公司更像是一家公司,它可以产生利润,并提供一定的税收优惠。比建立一个普通的非营利基金会,一个有限责任公司很少会对扎克伯格和陈如何分配资金进行限制。他们可以向政治组织和营利组织以及慈善机构捐款。一些批评者还声称,一个有限责任公司可以让这对夫妇避免纳税。

In a Facebook post published Thursday Zuckerberg explained how the tax structure would work for the new initiative which he said plans initially to focus on "personalized learning curing disease connecting people and building strong communities"

周四,脸书发布了一则消息,扎克伯格解释了税款将会用于新的项目,首先投入的是“个人学习,治疗疾病,加强人与人之间的联系以建立强大的社群。”

By using an LLC instead of a traditional foundation we receive no tax benefit from transferring our shares to the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative but we gain flexibility to execute our mission more effectively. In fact if we transferred our shares to a traditional foundation then we would have received an immediate tax benefit but by using an LLC we do not. And just like everyone else we will pay capital gains taxes when our shares are sold by the LLC.

我们使用有限责任公司,而不是传统的基金会,我们并没有在将我们股份转让给陈.扎克伯格倡议行动中受到税务优惠,但我们可以更灵活有效地执行我们的任务。然而,如果我们将股份来建立一个传统的基金会,我们反而会收到直接的税额优惠,但是建立一个有限责任公司却没有这个优惠。和其他人一样,我们在将股份出售给有限责任公司时将会获得资本利得税。

Zuckerberg also emphasized the ability to donate to groups and causes no matter how they’re structured.

扎克伯格同时强调了,不管怎样组合股份,他有能力捐助一些事业和团体。

In September Zuckerberg and his wife donated $5 million through their Zuckerberg Education Ventures LLC to Mastery Connect an education tracking company according to The New York Times. A new initiative called Breakthrough Energy Coalition founded by Zuckerberg Gates and other tech honchos will make private investments in clean energy. Zuckerberg also said that his LLC will provide funds to efforts such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Ebola response and San Francisco General Hospital.

根据纽约时报报道,今年九月,扎克伯格和他的妻子通过他们的扎克伯格教育有限责任公司捐赠500万美元给通达连接,一个教育跟踪公司。一项被称为突破能源联盟的新的举动,由扎克伯格、盖茨和其他高科技公司老板合作成立,将使私人投资清洁能源。扎克伯格还说,他的公司将提供资金支持,如疾病控制中心和预防的埃博拉反应和三藩总医院。

Facebook did not immediately respond to CNET’s request for comment.

脸书在这方面没有给予科技资讯网直接回复。



yoyo 2022-08-11 06:33:14 重新编辑

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