客服热线:4000-51-51-51
Hi,Joe
【啊!夯词】ESL《美国介绍》什么是修正案?
Angell 2014-09-02 21:07:31 发表于  [  实用英语  ]
  630     1   

材料选自ituns排行榜第一的ESL,是提高英语口语,听力的首选材料,本节内容选自《美国介绍》,前几分钟是慢速英语,后面几分钟是常速,大家快学习一下吧。

4.  What is an amendment?  

Answer: 
A change (to the Constitution)  
An addition (to the Constitution)  
Explanation: 
The men who wrote the U.S. Constitution knew that their document was not perfect. 
That is why they included ways to change or add laws to the Constitution in the 
future.  The fifth article (or section) of the Constitution says that Americans can 
change the Constitution in two ways. The first way is to have another Constitutional 
Convention, a big meeting where representatives from all of the states would gather 
and decide on the changes, just like they did when the Constitution was written in 
Philadelphia in 1787.  This way, however, has never been used.  There has never 
been a second Constitutional Convention. 
The second and more common way to change the Constitution has two steps.  First, 
Congress (the group of elected national representatives) passes (or approves) a 
special law to change or add something to the Constitution. This change or addition 
is called an amendment.  Two-thirds (or 67%) of the members of Congress has to 
vote in favor of (or say “yes” to approve) this amendment.  Then the amendment 
must be approved by three-fourths (or 75%) of the states.  Getting two-thirds of 
Congress and three-quarters of the states to agree is not an easy thing to do, and 
that is why there are not very many amendments to the Constitution. The President 
cannot create amendments and does not have the right (or power or ability) to veto, 
or say no to, amendments.  After three-fourths of the states approve the amendment 
that has already been approved by Congress, the amendment officially becomes 
part of the Constitution.   
Many of the rights that Americans believe are extremely important in the United 
States are actually not in the original Constitution of 1787.  Instead they are in 
amendments to the Constitution.  Freedom of religion, the right to vote regardless of 
someone’s skin color or sex (being a man or woman), and who can be a citizen are 
all described in different amendments to the Constitution.   
Amendments can be repealed (or taken back) by passing other amendments.  Only 
one amendment has been repealed in the history of the United States. The 
Eighteenth Amendment made it illegal (or against the law) to make or sell alcohol, 
such as beer and wine.  This amendment was called the Prohibition amendment, 
because to prohibit means not to allow something, or to make something illegal.  
The Eighteenth Amendment was approved in 1919.  However, the Twenty-First 
Amendment, passed in 1933, repealed the Eighteenth Amendment, so today 
Americans can make and sell alcohol again. 


Angell 2021-03-05 20:15:15 重新编辑

评 论( 1

头像

Cat 2014-12-13 16:46

0 回复
默认头像

我的评论

取消 发表

关于我们 企业培训 O2O代理招募 AC客户端 备案承诺公示 外教资质