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【51Talk小知识】"the"的正确用法
king 2015-08-13 12:15:10 发表于  [  游戏/活动  ]
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你会正确使用单词“the”吗?你知道单词前面加不加the会产生什么样的意思变化? 

friend, the friend 
car, the car 
apple, the apple 

你能察觉到它们的差别吗? 

作为中国人经常用错的单词,你应该特别加强学习the。加不加the,很多时候会给句子的意思带来不同程度的变化。今天,小沃请来了外教老师为你讲解the的使用规律。 

WHEN TO USE "THE" 
The word "the" is one of the most common words in English. It is our only definite article. Nouns in English are preceded by the definite article when the speaker believes that the listener already knows what he is referring to. 

GENERAL RULES 
Use “the” to refer to something which has already been mentioned. 
Use “the” when you assume there is just one of something in that place, even if it has not been mentioned before. 
Use “the” to refer to people or objects that are unique. 
Use “the” before superlatives and ordinal numbers. 
Use “the” with adjectives, to refer to a whole group of people. 
Use “the” with the names of famous buildings, works of art, museums, or monuments. 
Use “the” with countries that have plural names 
Use “the” with names of geographical areas, rivers, mountain ranges, groups of islands, canals, and oceans. 
Use “the” with the names of families, but not with the names of individuals. 

EXAMPLES 
1. An unarmed man stole 1000$. The thief hasnt been caught yet. 
2. I decided to go into a bakery to get some bread. (any bakery) 
3. I decided to go into the bakery to get some bread. 
4. Our house is across from the Italian restaurant. 
5. My father enjoyed the book you gave him. 
6. The man who wrote this book is famous. 
7. I scratched the red car parked outside. 
8. He is the doctor I came to see. 
9. Clouds drifted across the sky. 
10. The president will be speaking on TV tonight. 
11. The CEO of Total is coming to our meeting. 
12. This is the highest building in New York. 
13. He was born in the seventies. 
14. You are the only person he will listen to. 
15. The only tea I like is black tea. 
16. We went to the Louvre and saw the Mona Lisa. 
17. I would like to visit the Eiffel Tower. 

其实The的最基础区别就是“是否特指”。比如“任意一位路人”就是泛指,而“路上走的那个人”就是特指。 

king 2022-10-03 04:26:08 重新编辑

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