客服热线:4000-51-51-51
Hi,Joe
句子的类型(三)
Eva 2016-06-13 19:09:46 发表于  [  实用英语  ]
  651     0   

 16.11 句型的转换

  句型转换就是将一种型式的句子改变为另一种型式的句子。英语的三种句型即简单句、并列句与复合句,均可以相互转换。如:

  (1)I help him and he helps me. 我帮助他,他帮助我。

     →The old man wants a room that is small but comfortable. (简单句转换为复合句)

  (3)I lent my bicycle to John, who lent it to George. 我把我的自行车借给了约翰,他又把它借给了乔治。

  →I lent my bicycle to John and he lent it to George.(复合句转换为并列句)

  学会句型的转换有助于对英语句型的精确掌握,从而可运用不同的句型来表达基本相同的意思。可转化的句型有下列三种:

  (4)He succeeded through hard work. 他靠勤奋工作取得了成功。(简单句)

  (5)He worked hard and so he succeeded. 他勤奋工作,所以他取得了成功。(并列句)

  (6)He succeeded because he worked hard. 他成功是因为他勤奋工作。(复合句)

  []简单句有时亦可引用itthere进行内部转换。如:

  ①You need not put your foot in it. 你不必自找麻烦。

  →It is necessary for you to put your foot in it.

  ②What have you got in your pocket? 你口袋里是什么?

  →What’s there in your pocket?

  ③It will rain next week. 下星期要下雨。

  →There will be rain next week.

  1)简单句与并列句的转换

  简单句与并列句可相互转换

  简单句转换为并列句,多由短语变为分句。如:

  (7)He came too late to see the first part of the show. 他来得太晚了,没赶上节目的第一一部分。

  →He came late, so he missed the first part of the show.

  (8)Sleeping but little and thinking much, I find nights long. 我入不了睡,思绪万千,故觉得夜很长。

  →I find nights long, for I sleep but little and think much.

  并列句转换为简单句,多将分句变为短语。如:

  (9)Tom wants to buy a bicycle, so he’s saving up. 汤姆要买一辆自行车,为此他正在攒钱。

  →Tom is saving up for a bicycle.

  (10)She was young and beautiful, and yet I did not love her. 她年轻貌美,但我却不爱她。

  →I did not love her, with all her young and beauty.

  2)简单句与复合句的转换

  简单句与复合句可相互转换

  简单句转换为复合句,多将短语变为从句。如:

  (11)The meeting over, we all went home. 散会后,我们就都回家了。

  →When the meeting was over, we all went home.

  (12)To my knowledge, they never lost a package from the Unite States. 据我所知,他们从未丢失过一件从美国寄来的包裹。

  →As far as I knew, they never lost a package from the Unite States.

  复合句转换为简单句,多将从句变为短语。如:

  (13)He went all the same although it was raining. 尽管下雨他还是走了。

  →He went all the same in spite of the rain.

  (14)If you make your own clothes, it will save you money. 自己做衣服,你就会省钱。

  →You will save money by making your own clothes.

  3)并列句与复合句的转换

  并列句与复合句可相互转换

  并列句转换为复合句,多将一分句变为从句。如:

  (15)Try again and you will succeed. 再努力一次,你就会成功。

  →If you try again, you will succeed.

  (16)I’ve been away only for three years, yet I can hardly recognize my hometown. 我仅在外三年,可我几乎辨认不出我的故乡了。

  →Although I’ve been away only for three years, I can hardly recognize my hometown.

  复合句转换为并列句,多将从句变为一分句。如:

  (17)As Jane was the eldest, she looked after the others. 珍妮是大姐,所以她照顾其他弟妹。

  →Jane was the eldest, and so she looked after the others.

  (18)If milk is not kept in a cool place, it will go sour. 牛奶如不存放在阴凉处,很快就会变坏的。

  →Milk must be kept in a cool place, or else it will go sour.

  4)句子的结合与分离

  有时一个以上的句子可合并为一个句子,这也是一种转换。如:

  (19)The bird was a cock. The fox was looking at it hungrily. 那是一只公鸡。狐狸正以贪婪的目光看着它。

  →The bird which the fox was looking at hungrily was a cock.

  (20)It was a snowy day. A small girl was making her way down the street. She was holding a box of matches in her hand. 一个下雪天,一个小女孩在街上走着。她手上拿着一盒火柴。

  →It was a snowy day and a small girl was making her way down the street, holding a box of matches in her hand.

  有时一个句子可分离一个以上的句子,这又是一种转换。如:

  (21)My ruler has a scale marked in centimeters. 我有一把标有厘米的尺子。

  →I’ve got a ruler. It has a scale. The scale is marked in centimeters.

  (22)Instead of hating him, I like him all the more for it. 我不但不恨他,相反为此更爱他。

  →I don’t hate him. On the contrary, I like him all the more for it.

Eva 2021-03-05 17:37:27 重新编辑

评 论( 0

默认头像

我的评论

取消 发表

关于我们 企业培训 O2O代理招募 AC客户端 备案承诺公示 外教资质