[误] The latest census shows that Chinas population has surpassed 1.3 billion.
[正] The latest census shows that Chinas population exceeds 1.3 billion.
(formal) to do or be better than sb/sth 超过；胜过；优于
[动词 + 名词短语]
l He hopes one day to surpass the world record.
l Its success has surpassed all expectations .
l Her cooking was always good, but this time she had surpassed herself (= done better than her own high standards) .
[动词 + 名词短语](formal)
to be greater than a particular number or amount 超过（数量）
l The price will not exceed £100.
l His achievements have exceeded expectations .
to do more than the law or an order, etc. allows you to do 超越（法律、命令等）的限制
l She was exceeding the speed limit (= driving faster than is allowed) .
l The officers had exceeded their authority.