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考博辅导:考博英语语法重点总结-独立主格结构+主谓一致
Amy 2016-04-19 19:01:20 发表于  [  国内考试  ]
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独立主格

  独立主格特征:

       1. 充当句子的状语。 

  2. 有自己的主语,同句子的主语不一致。 

  3. 名词(代词,形容词,副词,介词)+ 分词 

  4. With + 名词 (代词) + 分词 (形容词) 

  例:a) It being raining, I decided to stay at home. 

         b) Speech having been delivered, discussion started. 

         c) he entered the room, with his hands openholding a rifle). 

  真题剖析 

  (1995) 45 cliffs no longer crumbling, the beaches are  46  of the material which would 47 feed them. 

  45. A. For  

  B. As   

  C. With   

  D. Because 

  练习:

  Do what you need to do to keep the wolf __7__ from the door, the world __8__ your thesis adviser, team leader, or laboratory director. Then use the rest of your time, perhaps at night or on the weekends, to do __9__ you really want to do. 

  8. A. is    

  B. having    

  C. being    

       D.be


主谓一致 

  1. 整体及抽象概念作主语,谓语通常用单数形式。 

  How you got there doesn’t concern me. 

   Growing vegetables needs constant watering. 

  2.表示时间、距离、重量、容量、价值等概念作主语,谓语多用单数。 

  Eight hundred dollars is enough to live on.  

  3. -s结尾的专有名词(linguistics, economics, measles, diabetes等),谓语通常用单数形式。 

  4. “分数或百分数+主语”,谓语跟主语保持一致。 

  Two thirds of the villages are flooded (the area is under water). 

  5. 不定代词(one, each, everyone, everybody, everything, no one, nobody, nothing, anyone, anybody, anything, someone, somebody, something)作主语,谓语用单数。 

    Everyone knows that you’ve come here. 

  If anybody wants to see me, let them wait till I come back.  (--thing 的情况例外

  6. 谓语同并列主语的第一部分保持一致(as well as, with, along with, together with, as much as, accompanied by, besides, but, except, in addition to, like, more than, no less than, rather than, including等) 

  He no less than I is interested in literature. 

  7. 谓语同最贴近的主语保持一致。(or, eitheror, neithernor, not onlybut also, notbut, partlypartly

  Either my father or my brothers are coming.  

  8. each, every, many a, no +主语,谓语用单数。 

  Many a student has been to the Great Wall. 

  真题剖析 

  (2000) Mexico City already 52 twenty million people and Calcutta twelve million. According to the World Bank, 53 of Africas cities are growing by 10% a year, 54 of urbanization ever recorded. 

  53. A. none  

        B. few  

        C. any  

        D. some  


(来源:沪江英语)




Amy 2022-01-14 18:46:11 重新编辑

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Amy 2016-04-19 19:04

大家可以做一做练习哦,Monroe会以回复的形式告诉大家准确答案哈~

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